


Description 



Geometry: The study of shapes and measurement. 
The word Geometry comes from the Greek word
geometria, which means "to measure the earth." Early civilizations, such
as the Babylonians and the Egyptians, used geometric concepts in their everyday
life to do many things. For example, geometric concepts were used to build
structures, such as the pyramids, and to plot square corners of fields. However,
it was not until Euclid (365300 B. C.) organized the study of geometry in his
book, Elements, that geometry became a true branch of
mathematics.
Geometry begins with the Greek prefix "geo," which means earth.
Other words that begin with this same prefix are geography, geothermal, and
geology. Why do you think geometry starts with a prefix that means
"earth"?
The geometry that we typically are familiar with is Euclidean
Geometry, also called Plane Geometry (a study
of points, lines, and planes and their interactions). For a
more detailed version of the origins of Euclidean Geometry, click
here. For more information on nonEuclidean geometries, click here.


