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 Everyday Examples
 Factor:  When two or more integers are multiplied, each integer is a factor of the product. "To factor" means to write the number or term as a product of its factors.
Factors can be used to determine how quantities can be separated into smaller groups. For example, suppose you are having a pizza party and plan to order 5 pizzas, each with eight slices. Based on your 40 pieces or pizza, you should be able to invite 20 of your friends if they each eat 2 pieces. Similarly, you can invite 10 of your friends if they each eat 4 pieces of pizza. Notice that these numbers are factors of 40, and have a product of 40, to ensure that everyone can receive an equal amount of pizza.