NCTM Standards
NCTM Standards 2000 Addressed Within the InterMath Patterns Unit:
Grades 68
ALGEBRA STANDARD
Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to
 Understand patterns, relations, and functions.
In grades 68 all students should represent, analyze, and generalize a variety of patterns with tables, graphs, words, and, when possible, symbolic rules; identify functions as linear or nonlinear and contrast their properties from tables, graphs, or equations.
 Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using algebraic symbols.
In grades 68 all students should explore relationships between symbolic expressions and graphs of lines, paying particular attention to the meaning of intercept and slope; use symbolic algebra to represent situations and to solve problems, especially those that involve linear relationships; recognize and generate equivalent forms for simple algebraic expressions and solve linear equations.
 Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.
In grades 68 all students should model and solve contextualized problems using various representations, such as graphs, tables, and equations.
PROBLEM SOLVING STANDARD
Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to
 build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving;
 solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts;
 apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems;
 monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.
REASONING AND PROOF STANDARD
Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to
 recognize reasoning and proof as fundamental aspects of mathematics;
 make and investigate mathematical conjectures;
 develop and evaluate mathematical arguments and proofs;
 select and use various types of reasoning and methods of proof.
COMMUNICATION STANDARD
Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to
 organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking through communication;
 communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others;
 analyze and evaluate the mathematical thinking and strategies of others;
 use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely.
CONNECTIONS STANDARD
Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to
 recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas;
 understand how mathematical ideas interconnect and build on one another to produce a coherent whole;
 recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
REPRESENTATION STANDARD
Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to
 create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas;
 select, apply, and translate among mathematical representations to solve problems;
 use representations to model and interpret physical, social, and mathematical phenomena.
